TikTok, other Chinese apps banned in India
India banned 59 apps originating from China, including very popular ones like the short video platform TikTok, UC Browser, file sharing app ShareIt, and CamScanner,.The ban has been enforced under Section 69A of the Information Technology Act, 2000.
Section 69A of the IT Act provides for blocking of unlawful and malicious online content in the interest of sovereignty and integrity of India, defence and security of the country, friendly relations with foreign states or public order or for preventing incitement to the commission of any cognisable offence related to these.
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National Cyber Security Policy -2013
To build a secure and resilient cyberspace for citizens, businesses and Government; to protect information and information infrastructure in cyberspace, build capabilities to prevent and respond to cyber threats, reduce vulnerabilities and minimize damage from cyber incidents through a combination of institutional structures, people, processes, technology and cooperation.
Information Technology Act 2000
An Act to provide legal recognition for transactions carried out by means of electronic data interchange and other means of electronic communication, commonly referred to as “electronic commerce”, which involve the use of alternatives to paper-based methods of communication and storage of information, to facilitate electronic filing of documents with the Government agencies and further to amend the Indian Penal Code, the Indian Evidence Act, 1872, the Bankers’ Books Evidence Act, 1891 and the Reserve Bank of India Act, 1934 and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto; promote the IT industry, regulate e-commerce, facilitate e-governance and prevent cybercrime.
An enabling Legal Framework – Setting up of think tanks in Public-Private mode to identify gaps in the existing policy and frameworks and take action to address them. This includes addressing privacy concerns of on-line users. As the digital world is much more complex, there is a need to train judiciary, law enforcement agencies and legal practitioners about the cyber crimes, collection of digital evidences and cyber forensics.
R&D – Creation of Centres of Excellence in identified areas of advanced Cyber Security and Centre for Technology Transfer to facilitate transition of R&D prototypes to production, supporting R&D projects in thrust areas.
Security Incident – Early Warning and Response- Comprehensive threat assessment and attack mitigation by means of net traffic analysis and deployment of honey pots, development of vulnerability database.
Security awareness, skill development and training – Launching formal Security Education, Skill Building and Awareness Programmes. Setting up of Centres of excellence in Cryptography, Malware Research, Mobile Security and Cyber Forensics,
Collaboration – The Cyber space is borderless and actions in the cyber space can be anonymous so there is need to establish a collaborative platform, Focus on proactive and collaborative actions in Public-Private Partnership / think-tank for cyber security policy inputs, discussion and deliberations, operationalisation of security cooperation arrangements with overseas CERTs and industry, and seeking legal cooperation of international agencies on cyber crimes and cyber security. Cyber Security requirements are quite dynamic that change with the threat environment. Threat landscape needs to be updated regularly to prevent emerging attacks. Collaboration among various agencies is needed to share information regarding emerging threats and vulnerabilities, technical complexity of cyber space and availability of skilled resources, which would help in effective protection and prevention of cyber attacks.