Battle of Chappar Chiri

Battle of Chappar Chiri: 1710 A.D. The Battle of Chappar Chiri, also called Battle of Sirhind,[ was fought between Mughal Empire and the Sikhs led by Baba Banda Singh Bahadur Ji on 12 May 1710 at Chappar Chiri, located 20 kilometers from Sirhind

It was a major attack against Sirhind Governor Wazir Khan and also Sucha Nand-he incited Wazir Khan against Guru Gobind Singh’s sons. This victory, Battle of Chappar Chiri, named Sirhind Victory virtually paved the way for Khalsa Raj which ended with Maharaja Dulip Singh, the youngest son of Maharaja Ranjit Singh in 1849.

After the battle, Baba Banda Singh Bahadur Ji made Mikhlis Puri as Capital and later renamed as Lohgarh. Fort of Lohgarh in this way became the first capital of the Sikh Raj (Rule). He introduced new coins and a new calendar dating from May 14, 1710. He put an end to the feudal system.

Gave the slogan Fateh Darshan

He founded the first Sikh Empire

Baba Banda Singh Bahadur Ji (1670-1716), a brave Sikh warrior and founder of the Sikh Rule in Punjab was born on October 16, 1670 at Rajauri in Punchh District of Jammu and Kashmir.

Born as Lachman Dev, it was Guru Gobind Singh Ji who gave him the new name of Banda Singh Bahadur. He was told by Guru Gobind Singh to fight the Mughals ; Baba Banda Singh Bahadur Ji along with five Sikhs – Binod Singh, Kahan Singh, Baj Singh, Daya Singh and Ram Singh set out towards the north with a determination to punish the tyrannical Mughal rule. The great Sikh warrior, Baba Banda Singh Bahadur fought the Mughals till his last breath.

On November 26, 1709 he attacked Samana in Patiala District of Punjab, and executed

(i) Jalal ud-Din, the executioner of Sri Guru Tegh Bahadur Sahib, the ninth Sikh Guru and

(ii) of the two executioners Shashal Beg and Bashal Beg who had bricked alive Sri Guru Gobind Singh Ji’s two younger sons Sahibzada Fateh Singh Ji and Sahibzada Zorawar Singh Ji aged 7 years and 9 years respectively at Sirhind.

Battle of Gurdas Nangal(1715): New Mughal Ruler was Farukh Siyar. The Governor of Lahore was Abdus Samad Khan. Baba Banda Singh Bahadur Ji fought the last battle with the Mughals at the village of Gurdas Nangal. He was tortured to death by the Mughals on 9 June 1716.


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