United Nation (UN) global population report: Basics Explained

The latest UN population report was released on Monday (11/07/2022).

·      Global life expectancy, which stood at 72.8 in 2019, “slowed down…due to the impact of the Covid-19 pandemic” and fell to 71 years in 2021.

·       Life expectancy at birth between 1990 and 2019, improved by almost nine years during this period. By 2050, it is projected to reach 77.2 years worldwide,

·      In 2021, the report says, life expectancy was higher for females (73.8 years) than males (68.4 years).

·      Among different regions, life expectancy at birth was the highest in Australia and New Zealand (84.2) and the lowest in Sub-Saharan Africa (59.7). It was 67.7 years in Central and South Asia, 72.1 in Northern Africa and Western Asia, 72.2 in Latin America and the Caribbean, and 77.2 in Europe and Northern America.

·      India is projected to surpass China as the world’s most populous country in 2023. It also projected the world’s population to reach 8 billion on November 15, 2022.

·      In 2020, the global growth rate fell under 1% per year for the first time since 1950.

·      The population of older persons is increasing both in numbers and as a share of the total: The share of the global population aged 65 years or above is projected to rise from 10% in 2022 to 16% in 2050.

·      International migration is having important impact on population trends for some countries: For high-income countries between 2000 and 2020, the contribution of international migration to population growth (net inflow of 80.5 million) exceeded the balance of births over deaths (66.2 million).


The United Nations(UN) is an international organization founded on 24 October 1945 after the Second World War by 51 countries committed to maintaining international peace and security, developing friendly relations among nations, and promoting social progress, better living standards and human rights. It provides a forum for its 193 Member States to express their views, through the General Assembly, the Security Council, the Economic and Social Council and other bodies and committees. Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish are the UN official languages.

The name “United Nations” was coined by the United States President Franklin D. Roosevelt and first used in the Declaration by United Nations on 1 January 1942, during Second World War.

24 October has been celebrated as United Nations Day since 1948. The year 2021 marks the 76th anniversary of the United Nations and its founding Charter.

The General Assembly, the Security Council, the Economic and Social Council, the Trusteeship Council, the International Court of Justice, and the Secretariat are the six principal organs of the UN.



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