Om Birla,new Speaker of 17th Lok Sabha

Om Birla of the Bharatiya Janata Party has been elected as Speaker of  17th Lok Sabha.

LEARNING WITH TIMES

  • Office of the Speaker occupies a pivotal position in our parliamentary democracy. It has been said of the office of the Speaker that while the members of Parliament represent the individual constituencies, the Speaker represents the full authority of the House itself. She symbolises the dignity and power of the House over which she is presiding.
  • She is placed very high in the Warrant of Precedence in our country, standing next only to the President, the Vice-President and the Prime Minister.
  •  The Constitution of India provides that the Speaker’s salary and allowances are not to be voted by Parliament and are to be charged on the Consolidated Fund of India.
  • The Speaker holds office from the date of her election till immediately before the first meeting of the Lok Sabha after the dissolution of the one to which she was elected. She is eligible for re-election. On the dissolution of the Lok Sabha, although the Speaker ceases to be a member of the House, she does not vacate her office.   
  • The Speaker may, at any time, resign from office by writing under her hand to the Deputy Speaker.   The Speaker can be removed from office only on a resolution of the House passed by a majority of all the then members of the House.
  • In the Lok Sabha, the lower House of the Indian Parliament, both Presiding Officers—the Speaker and the Deputy Speaker- are elected from among its members by a simple majority of members present and voting in the House. The Constitution only requires that Speaker should be a member of the House.
  • Following the 52nd Constitution amendment, the Speaker is vested with the power relating to the disqualification of a member of the Lok Sabha on grounds of defection.
  • The Speaker of the Lok Sabha presides over the joint sitting of the two Houses. [Article 118(4)].The Speaker has a casting vote in the event of a tie.  It is customary for the Presiding Officer to exercise the casting vote in such a manner as to maintain the status quo.
  •  The Speaker may, if thinks it necessary to do so, adjourn the House or suspend any sitting
  • When the Offices of both the Speaker and the Deputy Speaker fall vacant, the duties of the Office of the Speaker are performed by such Member of the Lok Sabha as the President may appoint for the purpose. The person so appointed is known as the Speaker pro tem.
  • Shri G.V. Mavalankar was the first Speaker of Lok Sabha (15 May 1952- 27 February 1956).

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