Dengue is a mosquito-borne viral disease, caused by a virus of the Flaviviridae family, that has rapidly spread in all regions. Dengue virus is transmitted by female mosquitoes mainly of the species Aedes aegypti and, to a lesser extent, Ae. albopictus. These mosquitoes are also vectors of chikungunya, yellow fever and Zika viruses. Dengue is widespread throughout the tropics, with local variations in risk influenced by rainfall, temperature, relative humidity and unplanned rapid urbanization.

Dengue is a severe, flu-like illness that affects infants, young children and adults, but seldom causes death. Dengue should be suspected when a high fever (40°C/104°F) is accompanied by 2 of the following symptoms during the feverish phase:

severe headache; pain behind the eyes; muscle and joint pains; nausea; vomiting; swollen glands and rash. 

  • Prevention of mosquito breeding:
    • Preventing mosquitoes from accessing egg-laying habitats by environmental management and modification;
    • Disposing of solid waste properly and removing artificial man-made habitats that can hold water;
    • Covering, emptying and cleaning of domestic water storage containers on a weekly basis;
    • Applying appropriate insecticides to water storage outdoor containers;
  • Personal protection from mosquito bites:
    • Using of personal household protection measures, such as window screens, repellents, insecticide treated materials, coils and vaporizers. These measures must be observed during the day both inside and outside of the home (e.g.: at work/school) because the primary mosquito vectors bites throughout the day;
    • Wearing clothing that minimises skin exposure to mosquitoes is advised;


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