The Multidimensional Poverty Declined in India: Basic Explained

According to a discussion paper released by NITI Aayog multidimensional poverty (MPI) in India declined from 29.17 percent in 2013-14 to 11.28 percent of the population in 2022-23,

In absolute numbers, 24.82 crore people escaped multidimensional poverty in the last nine years.

The Multidimensional Poverty Index looks at poverty in a holistic manner, rather than as a simple outcome of income levels. The MPI thus measures a person’s deprivations across 10 indicators in three dimensions — health, education, and standard of living. All the sections are equally weighted. The health indicator looks at nutrition and child mortality. The education indicator seeks to measure years of schooling and school attendance, while the standard of living indicator measures access to drinking water, sanitation, cooking gas, electricity, housing, and assets.

India has 12 sustainable development goals-aligned indicators, according to the NITI Aayog. These include three health indicators (nutrition, child and adolescent mortality, maternal health); two education indicators (years of schooling, school attendance); and seven standard of living indicators (cooking fuel, sanitation, drinking water, electricity, housing, assets, and bank accounts).

States like Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, and Rajasthan recorded the sharpest decline

The severity of deprivation, deprivations the average multidimensionally poor person suffers from, declined at a slightly lower rate between 2015-16 and 2019-21 compared to 2005-06 and 2013-14.

Reduction of deprivation was faster after 2015-16 in terms of reduction in the share of MPI poor out of the total population compared to the decade before.


Leave a Comment


Welcome! Login in to your account

Remember me Lost your password?

Lost Password