Nobel Prize laureate Rabindranath Tagore birth anniversary

07 May, every year, is celebrated to mark the birth anniversary of the great Indian poet Rabindranath Tagore.

  • Referred to as ‘Gurudev’, ‘Kabiguru’, the Bard of Bengal, and ‘Biswakabi’, Rabindranath Tagore was versatile- poet, writer, philosopher, social reformer.
  • Nobel Laureate and composer of our National Anthem – Two songs from his Rabindrasangit canon are now the national anthems of India and Bangladesh: the Jana Gana Mana and the Amar Shonar Bangla.
  • The first non-European literature laureate, he was awarded the Nobel Prize for his notable works Gitanjali.
  • Kabuliwala, The Postmaster, the Indian national anthem, and  Gora are some of his literary works.
  • He founded Shantiniketan to provide education and later this became Viswa Bharti University. In 1921, Rabindranath Tagore established Viswabharati University.
  • In 1905, Lord Curzon decided to divide Bengal into two parts. Rabindranath Tagore strongly protested against this decision. Tagore wrote many national songs and attended protest meetings. He introduced the Rakhibandhan ceremony, symbolizing the underlying unity of undivided Bengal.
  • In 1915 he was knighted by the British King George V. In 1919, following the Jallianwala Bagh massacre, Tagore renounced his knighthood.


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