New ICMR study to reverse diabetes: Basics Explained

The latest report, to reverse diabetes, from the Indian Council of Medical Research-India Diabetes (ICMR-INDIAB) is based on a detailed macro-nutrient consumption pattern study of 18,090 individuals, or one in six of the 1.1 lakh people enrolled in the study.

It recommends reducing carbohydrate consumption to just about 50-55 per cent of the daily energy consumed and increasing the protein intake to 20 per cent.

            If you’re a pre-diabetic, just cut down on rice and rotis and increase your protein intake. This way you can halt Type-2 diabetes and even reverse it if you have been newly diagnosed, according to the country’s largest ongoing study on the disease.

            The optimal nutritional requirement for remission of newly-diagnosed diabetes was found to be carbohydrates accounting for 49 to 54 per cent of energy consumption, proteins 19 to 20 per cent, fat 21 to 26 per cent and dietary fibres 5 to 6 per cent.

           Women need to cut their carbohydrate consumption by around two per cent more than the men to achieve the same results.

          Similarly, older individuals had to cut their carbohydrate consumption by one per cent more and increase their protein consumption by one per cent more than the young.

            For remission from pre-diabetes, the recommendations were 50 to 56 per cent carbohydrates, 18 to 20 per cent protein, 21 to 27 per cent fat, and three-five per cent dietary fibre. Physically inactive individuals were recommended a four per cent greater reduction in carbohydrates as against active individuals.

Diabetes is a long-term illness that affects the way your body converts food into energy. The majority of the food you eat is converted to sugar (also known as glucose) and absorbed into your bloodstream. When your blood sugar levels rise, your pancreas is prompted to release insulin. Insulin is a key that allows blood sugar to enter your body’s cells and be used as energy. There are two types of diabetes prominent in people, including type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes.

Regular physical activity improves overall well-being, prevents obesity, and lowers cardiovascular risk in Type 1 Diabetes patients.

Both the physician and the patient should inspect injection sites on a regular basis, especially if there is unexplained blood glucose variability. One of the negative effects is insulin site infection.

   For young children, especially those with poor glycemic control, the frequency of daily Self-Monitoring of Blood Glucose (SMBG) might range from four to six times per day.
           In youngsters with improved glycemic control, a more liberal
SMBG of two-three times per day may be recommended. Testing
could be limited to sick days and hypoglycaemic episodes, with a “basic
minimum” of two to four times per day for two to three consecutive days
per month.

Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA), in Type 1 patients, develops; Nausea and vomiting, abdominal pain, acidotic breathing, and indicators of dehydration arise. Better access to medical treatment, and adequate patient education, can all help to prevent DKA.

Diabetic retinopathy is a primary cause of blindness in adults
and one of the most common microvascular complications of type 1 diabetes. It is a degenerative illness that, if left untreated, can result in significant vision loss

Diabetic nephropathy (DKD) is the leading cause of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in India and around the world. In recent decades, early diagnosis combined with effective glucose control and blood pressure management has improved the prognosis of these patients.

In people with type 1 diabetes, neuropathy is a common microvascular consequence.; single most critical determinant in the development of foot ulcers and lower-extremity amputations.

Type 1 diabetics have a higher risk of morbidity and mortality from cardiovascular disease than the general population. This includes coronary artery disease, stroke, and peripheral arterial disease. Type 1 diabetic patients experience cardiovascular events earlier than the
general population.



Leave a Comment


Welcome! Login in to your account

Remember me Lost your password?

Lost Password