India ranks first in number of organic farmers and ninth in terms of area

India ranks first in number of organic farmers and ninth in terms of area under organic farming. Sikkim became the first State in the world to become fully organic and other States including Tripura and Uttarakhand have set similar targets.

Mission Organic Value Chain Development for North East Region (MOVCD) and Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana (PKVY) were launched in 2015 to encourage chemical free farming. The major organic exports from India have been flax seeds, sesame, soybean, tea, medicinal plants, rice and pulses, which were instrumental in driving an increase of nearly 50% in organic exports in 2018-19, touching Rs 5151 crore. Both PKVY and MOVCD are promoting certification under Participatory Guarantee System (PGS) and National Program for Organic Production (NPOP) respectively targeting domestic and exports markets. The Food Safety and Standards (Organic Foods) Regulations, 2017 are based on the standards of NPOP and PGS. The organic e-commerce platform is being strengthened for directly linking farmers with retail as well as bulk buyers. This is also in sync with the Sustainable Development Goal 2 targeting ‘end hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture’

Organic farming is a system, which avoids or largely excludes the use of synthetic inputs (such as fertilizers, pesticides, hormones, feed additives etc) and to the maximum extent feasible relies upon crop rotations, crop residues, animal manures, off-farm organic waste, mineral grade rock additives and biological system of nutrient mobilization and plant protection.Organic farming also helps to restore the soil health, protect environment, enhance biodiversity, sustain crop productivity and enhance farmers’ income.

Benefits of Organic Farming

  • It helps in maintaining environment health by reducing the level of pollution
  • It reduces human and animal health hazards by reducing the level of residues in the product
  • It helps in keeping agricultural production at a higher level and makes it sustainable.
  • It reduces the cost of agricultural production and also improves the soil health
  • It ensures optimum utilization of natural resources for short-term benefit and helps in conserving them for future generation.
  • It not only saves energy for both animal and machine, but also reduces risk of crop failure.
  • It improves the soil physical properties such as granulation, and good tilth, good aeration, easy root penetration and improves water-holding capacity.
  • It improves the soil’s chemical properties such as supply and retention of soil nutrients, and promotes favorable chemical reactions


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