Born: September 28, 1907; Executed on March 23, 1931

Publications: Why I Am An Atheist: An Autobiographical Discourse, The Jail Notebook And Other Writings, Ideas of a Nation.

Associations: Naujawan Bharat Sabha, Hindustan Republican Association, Kirti Kisan Party, Kranti Dal. In March 1925, inspired by European nationalist movements, the Naujawan Bharat Sabha was formed with Bhagat Singh, as its secretary. Bhagat Singh also joined the Hindustan Republican Association (HRA), a radical group, which he later rechristened as the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association (HSRA) along with fellow revolutionaries Chandrashekhar Azad and Sukhdev.

Bhagat Singh is one of the most influential revolutionaries of Indian Nationalist Movement. He became involved with numerous revolutionary organizations and played an important role in the Indian National movement. He died a martyr at the age of just 23 years.

He was an intellectual who had a political as well as a social vision. He wanted revolution which was not merely political but also a social revolution to break age old discriminatory practices. He also fought for social evils and his ideas are relevant even today.

Underlining his vision for an independent India he envisioned—freedom— not only limited to the expelling of the British; instead he desired azaadi from poverty, azaadi from untouchability, azaadi from communal strife, and azaadi from every form of discrimination and exploitation.

He wrote articles in Kirti on issues of untouchability, communalism, role of religion in politics. We are facing these issues even in present times. Bhagat Singh and his comrades, who gave a new socialist ideological direction to the anti-imperialist struggle were highly conscious of the pitfall which communal divide presented;Religious superstition and communalism were seen as hindrance in the path of freedom. He wanted the consciousness of people be roused, irrespective of race, caste, colour, to that basic rights of all the poor, hence their salvation and prosperity lies in their joint struggle. They should therefore work to eradicate and remove all racial and religious prejudices, differences and distinctions and unite to seize for themselves, the power of governance.

Bhagat Singh and his comrades effected  the Indian national movement  sharp turn from the hitherto monopoly of passive resistance in the struggle for freedom. No longer was ‘Bande Mataram’ the sole cry for freedom. The slogan of ‘Inquilab Zindabad’ made its entry, not just into the national movement, but into the very consciousness of the nation’s people.His sense of sacrifice, patriotism and courage are something that will be revered and looked upon by generations to come.


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