International Tiger Day is celebrated every year on 29 July to raise awareness for tiger conservation. The goal of the day is to promote a global system for protecting tiger’s natural habitats and raise public awareness. India is currently home to 70 percent of the world’s tiger population in over 17 states and 50 sanctuaries across the country.There are currently 13 tiger range countries — India, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, China, Indonesia, Lao PDR, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Russia, Thailand and Vietnam.

The All India Tiger Estimation 2018 survey has entered the Guinness World Record for being the world’s largest camera trap wildlife survey. The survey was declared to the nation on the Global Tiger Day last year.

    India has 2,967 tigers, a third more than in 2014, according to results of a tiger census made public on July 29,2019.Madhya Pradesh saw the highest number of tigers at 526, closely followed by Karnataka (524) and Uttarakhand (442).

    • Corbett Tiger Reserve in Uttarakhand has the highest number of 231 big cats in the country
    • Nagarhole and Bandipore reserves in Karnataka have 127 and 126 tigers.
    • Three are no tigers left in Mizoram’s Dampa, West Bengal’s Buxa and Jharkhand’s Palamau reserves


    Traditionally eight sub-species of tigers have been recognized, out of which three are extinct. The Indian sub-species is Panthera tigris ; Bengal tiger.

    The tiger is the largest member of the  (cat) family.Tigers are terminal consumers in the ecological food pyramid, and their conservation results in the conservation of all trophic levels in an ecosystem.

    Project Tiger is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme of Government of India which was launched on the 1st of April, 1973 for in-situ conservation of wild tigers in designated tiger reserves. Project Tiger is being implemented in these States in collaboration with the respective State Governments.  The challenges include: protection against poaching, fragmentation of habitat, securing inviolate space for tiger to facilitate its social dynamics, addressing tiger-human interface, restoration of corridors and eliciting public support of local people by providing ecologically sustainable options.

    List of Tiger Reserves Core 



    Name of Tiger Reserve State
    1 Bandipur Karnataka
    2 Corbett Uttarakhand
    Amangarh (buffer of Corbett TR) Uttar Pradesh
    3 Kanha Madhya Pradesh
    4 Manas Assam
    5 Melghat Maharashtra
    6 Palamau Jharkhand
    7 Ranthambore Rajasthan
    8 Similipal Odisha
    9 Sunderbans West Bengal
    10 Periyar Kerala
    11 Sariska Rajasthan
    12 Buxa West Bengal
    13 Indravati Chhattisgarh
    14 Namdapha Arunachal Pradesh
    15 Dudhwa Uttar Pradesh
    16 Kalakad-Mundanthurai Tamil Nadu
    17 Valmiki Bihar
    18 Pench Madhya Pradesh
    19 Tadoba-Andhari Maharashtra
    20 Bandhavgarh Madhya Pradesh
    21 Panna Madhya Pradesh
    22 Dampa Mizoram
    23 Bhadra Karnataka
    24 Pench Maharashtra
    25 Pakke Arunachal Pradesh
    26 Nameri Assam
    27 Satpura Madhya Pradesh
    28 Anamalai Tamil Nadu
    29 Udanti-Sitanadi Chattisgarh
    30 Satkosia Odisha
    31 Kaziranga Assam
    32 Achanakmar Chattisgarh
    33 Dandeli-Anshi Karnataka
    34 Sanjay-Dubri Madhya Pradesh
    35 Mudumalai Tamil Nadu
    36 Nagarahole Karnataka
    37 Parambikulam Kerala
    38 Sahyadri Maharashtra
    39 Biligiri Ranganatha Temple Karnataka
    40 Kawal Telangana
    41 Sathyamangalam Tamil Nadu
    42 Mukandra Hills Rajasthan
    43 Nawegaon-Nagzira Maharashtra
    44 Nagarjunsagar Srisailam (part)* Andhra Pradesh
    45 Amrabad Telangana
    46 Pilibhit Uttar Pradesh
    47 Bor Maharashtra
    48 Rajaji Tige Reserve Uttarakhand
    49 Orang Tiger Reserve Assam
    50 Kamlang Tiger Reserve Arunachal Pradesh

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